Pre-nuclear H*LH

The nuclear contour H*L H% has a pre-nuclear version in which the boundary H% no longer functions as a boundary tone, but occurs just before the next pitch accent. Compare the pronunciation of the following example

Audio Audio

in which "In Amerika" and "doen ze dat anders" are two IPs, with a pronunciation in which only single IP occurs:

Audio Audio

The medial %L has disappeared, but these two contours are really equivalent, except for the absence of the medial IP-boundary in the second example, which causes H% to be timed like the L of H*L: it moves to the right, causing a gradual rise. The L now occurs immediately after H*.

The distance between the accents is larger in the following example, showing the gradual rise quite clearly.

Audio Audio

When the first accent is pronounced with H*L, we get a gradual fall, as usual. Notice that the intonation pattern is quite different.

Audio Audio

Here is another example of an early pronunciation of the L in a pre-nuclear H*LH.

Audio Audio


EXERCISE 1D (H*L, downstep, boundary tones)

EXERCISE 1E (Falling contours)


Proceed with section 2